Transylvania – Land of Citadels

A 2000 year history lesson

A fascinating adventure into ancient and medieval times, wandering through ruins, fortresses, and still inhabited old citadels, everything mixed with marvellous landscapes, colourful folk art and exquisite traditional Romanian cuisine.

      DAY 1: Bucharest
Arrival at the airport of Bucharest, meeting with the guide and transfer to the hotel. Welcome dinner and accommodation 4* hotel. (D)

      DAY 2: Bucharest – Curtea de Arges – Sibiu (300km)
Breakfast at the hotel. Start your venture into Romania’ s history. Begin with a half day sightseeing tour of Bucharest, the five-century-old capital of Romania. Drive by the Romanian Athenaeum, the former Royal Palace, the Town Hall, the Opera House, Cotroceni Palace, the Military Academy, the Palace of Parliament – the second largest building in the world after the Pentagon in Washington. Short stop for a visit to the Metropolitan Church. Drive by the University Square and the Arch of Triumph, then stop to visit the Village and Folk Art Museum – the largest in Europe.

Direction Curtea de Arges, the former second capital of Wallachia. The strongholds rebuilt in the 14th century. See the Episcopal Church (the monastery) which is a recreation of the original built in 1512 -1517 by prince Neagoe Basarab.

Arriving in Sibiu, Europe’ s Cultural Capital in 2007. Dinner and accommodation in Sibiu 4* hotel (B, D)

      DAY 3: Sibiu region
Breakfast at the hotel. Walking tour of the old part of the city, with its narrow streets, pass across Liars Bridge, visit the Evangelic  Cathedral and the Catholic  Church and find out that this is an old citadel built by Saxons, where  history, art and folklore blend to the tourists’ delight. Do not forget to visit  ASTRA Folk Art Open Air Museum of Dumbrava,  where you may find unique old houses  with genuine furniture and handmade rugs, clothes, wooden craft objects in exquisite colours. Afternoon departure to Sibiel village, to see thr renowned collection of handmade glass icons, and to enjoy a late lunch in a peasant house.

Afternoon return to Sibiu. Accommodation in the same 4* hotel. (B, L)

      DAY 4: Sibiu – Sarmisegetusa – Deva (200km)
Breakfast at the hotel. Leave Sibiu and head West, to an area abundant in old citadels, almost all UNESCO  heritage sites.  First, visit the imposing Huniazi Castle, dating back to the 14th Century, a beautiful gothic construction, well kept, the place where Vlad Tepes was imprisoned for 7 years.

Another impressive citadel is Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa, capital of the Roman Dacia, founded by the Romans, some 1990 years ago. The ruins of Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa  are  the image of a Roman city, with the Forum in the center, palaces, the thermae, the amphitheatre, the public and private institutions. In the museum opened in 1982, one can find objects in silver and bronze, ceramics, statues of Roman gods, coins, funeral stones, medallions, mosaics.

Enjoy a light lunch. A short drive will take you to the 3* hotel in Deva area. Dinner on your
own. (B, L)

      DAY 5: Deva – Alba Iulia – Sighisoara
Breakfast at the hotel. Morning departure to Alba Iulia, known in ancient time as Apulum, one of the oldest settlements in Romania; Alba Iulia was the largest commercial centre during the Roman occupation and  became an impressive Habsburg citadel. Nowadays, Alba Iulia is worth visiting not only for the restored ancient citadel, but also for the  Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Batthyaneum Library, the Orthodox Cathedral of the Reunification, the National Museum of Unification, the Union Hall, the Apor Palace, the Princely Palace, and the University of Alba Iulia.

Late morning, head on to Targu Mures. The Medieval Citadel, dating back to the 15th century, is placed close to the town centre and is made up of a fortified inner area, supported by 7  bastions , where the Protestant Church and the Bakery Building are located. The whole complex bears the mark of late Renaissance style. Lunch.

An hour drive will bring you to Sighisoara. Afternoon wandering on your own through the most beautiful and best preserved inhabited medieval citadel of Europe, Sighisoara. Accommodation in Sighisoara 3*+ or 4* hotel. (B, L)

      DAY 6: Sighisoara – Predeal (Brasov county) (140km)                                                 
Breakfast at the hotel.
Visit the old citadel of Sighisoara; visit to the Clock Tower  Museum, climb the covered wooden steps to the hill, take a peek to Vlad Dracula’s House, where Prince Vlad Tepes (“the Impaler”), nicknamed Dracula, was born. The house has been turned into a restaurant and a museum that preserves the old atmosphere. Passing through the town’s narrow streets with original architecture, cobbled alleys, steep stairways, secluded squares and towers,  is like stepping back in time.

Departure to Brasov with a short diversion to Fagaras Citadel, built it in 1310, on the former place of a 12th century wooden fortress, strengthened by earthen walled fortifications. Fagaras Fortress and Castle were wholly built in brick.  At present, the castle has 80 rooms, and the fortress is still surrounded by a moat , deep and wide. Since 1954, the castle has housed the Museum of Fagaras Country; it comprises sections of archaeology, history – Roman artifacts and a collection of medieval weapons, ethnographic sections. The museum also hosts a beautiful collection of glass painted icons.

Late afternoon arrival in Brasov, a mediaeval trading center, the second largest city in Romania. Stroll on your own in the main square and  the nearby streets with attractive Saxon architecture, boutiques and small restaurants. Return to the hotel to get ready for a special dinner, in Poiana Brasov mountain resort. The Black Church, with its imposing Gothic architecture, St.Nicolas of Schei Church, built between 1518-1598, here you can see 16th century books and documents of great value, as well as the first printing machines. Accommodation in Predeal or Moeciu  de Sus (Brasov) get ready for a special dinner. Enjoy the flavours of the Romanian cuisine, of the folk music and the atmosphere of local traditional decorations 3*+ or 4* hotel. (B, D)

      DAY 7: Predeal (Brasov county) – Bran – Bucharest (200km)                                    
Breakfast at the hotel.
Departure to Bran Castle, widely known as Dracula’s Castle, built at the beginning of the 13th century by  Knight Dietrich of the Teutonic Order. The Castle had a strategic mission being the border between Transylvania and Wallachia. First it was under the rule of the King of Hungary Sigismund of Luxemburg, of the Romanian voievodes Mircea cel Batran and Vlad Tepes and later on it came under the jurisdiction of the City of Brasov. The Castle in the XX century was donated to the Royal Family and became a royal residence. The museum is opened for the visitors preserving the future from that period.

A scenic drive will take you to Peles Royal Castle; situated in Sinaia mountain resort, it is a masterpiece of German New-Renaissance  architecture.  Former summer residence of the Royal Family, it is now one of Romania’s most beautiful museums, displaying priceless collections of weaponry, hand woven silk rugs and furniture, ceramics and sculptures.

Early evening has you back in Bucharest. Special dinner. Accommodation in Bucharest 4* hotel. (B, D)

      DAY 8: Bucharest – departure
Breakfast at the hotel. Departure transfer to the airport.

Price includes:
·   Accommodation: 6 night’s at selected 3*+, 4* hotels
·   Buffet Breakfast, Lunch or Dinner as per program (3 course menu, mineral water)
·   Entrance fees to the tourists sites as per program
·   Transportation throughout itinerary by car / minibus/bus
·   R/T airport transfers
·   English speaking guide assistance throughout itinerary
·   All local taxes (luggage handling is not included)

Price does not include:
·   Air tickets, travel insurance, luggage handling, tipping
·   Photo & Video taxes and permissions where necessary
·   Any meals and drinks not included in the programme
·   Any items of personal belonging such as laundry, mini bar, phone, fax, etc.;

Note: – Museums are closed on Mondays
– Peles Castle is closed on Mondays (winter time closed also on Tuesdays)
– The Black Church is closed on Mondays (short program on Sundays)


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By Elap / Administrator, bbp_keymaster

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on Jan 29, 2014